What is Family Engagement?
Our center has adopted the Dual Capacity-Building Framework and the National Association for Family, School, and Community Engagement (NAFSCE) definition of family engagement:
- Family engagement is a shared responsibility in which schools and other community agencies and organizations are committed to reaching out to engage families in meaningful ways and in which families are committed to actively supporting their children’s learning and development.
- Family engagement is continuous across a child’s life and entails enduring commitment but changing parent roles as children mature into young adulthood.
- Effective family engagement cuts across and reinforces learning in the multiple settings where children learn- at home, in prekindergarten programs, in school, in after school programs, in faith-based institutions, and in the community.
Why Family Engagement Matters
- Higher grades and test scores, enrollment in AP
- Grade promotions, more credits
- Better school attendance and homework completion rates
- Improved social skills and behavior
- Higher self-esteem
- Higher school graduation and advancement to post-secondary education
- More interaction, more sensitivity to child’s emotional and intellectual needs
- More confidence in parenting abilities
- Better understanding of teacher’s role and curriculum
- More responsive to teachers’ requests for help at home
- More committed to their children’s schools
- More active in policy making at school and in the community
- Teachers and administration have higher morale and job satisfaction
- Parents have more respect of the teaching profession
- Communication improves among educators, parents, administrators
- Communities have higher opinions of schools with involved parents
- School programs that involve parents perform better, have higher-quality classrooms
High Impact Strategies
High-impact family and community engagement is collaborative, culturally competent, and focused on improving children’s learning.
Some examples of high-impact strategies are:
- Building personal relationships, respect, and mutual understanding with families through home visits, community walks, and class meetings.
- Sharing data with families about student skill levels.
- Modeling effective teaching practices so families can use them at home.
- Listening to families about their children’s interests and challenges, then using this information to differentiate instruction.
- Incorporating content from families’ home cultures into classroom lessons.
- Aligning family engagement activities with school improvement goals.
Practices like these are even more effective when combined.
Dual Capacity-Building Framework
The Dual Capacity-Building Framework for Family-School Partnerships, Version 2, is designed to support the development of family engagement strategies, policies, and programs. This research-based framework identifies the goals and conditions necessary to develop and sustain effective family-school partnership initiatives that support student learning and school improvement.